Physiology and Behaviour of Animal Suffering
by Dr. Neville G Gregory, Royal Veterinary College, London UK
Paperback: 280 pages illustrations
Published by Blackwell Science United Kingdom
Contents Ordering Review
Suffering is related to the environment in which an animal or human lives and also to physical and mental states. Understanding the physiology of suffering in animals is crucial in assessing animal welfare, understanding the health and disease implications of animal stresses and learning lessons that we can apply to stress management in our own lives.
Written by an expert in the applied physiology of animal stress and welfare, this book is the first to address the physiological aspects of suffering in animals. It explores the different causes of suffering, physical discomfort, thirst and hunger, responses in the body that lead to suffering and it offers insight into how suffering can be managed and minimised plus detection and monitoring of livestock stress.
This is the second book in a major new animal welfare series from UFAW - The highly respected Universities Federation for Animal Welfare, which has built a reputation for sound, evidence-based yet practical commonsense investigations and advice on animal care and welfare. The aim of this series, is to provide an authoritative source of information on worldwide developments, current thinking and best practice in the field of animal welfare science and technology, in keeping with UFAW’s tradition for intellectual rigour in the pursuit of advances in animal welfare. More books in this series are listed here.
Physiology and Behavior of Animal Suffering draws together information that is scattered across the literature. This book is written for the specialist and non-specialist alike and includes many diagrams and pictures.
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What Is Suffering? Why Worry about Suffering? When Can We Stop Worrying about Suffering? Recognising Suffering in Animals Can Animals Go Mad? What Constitutes Animal Suffering? Conclusions
Stress Physiology Stress-related Disorders (pathophysiology) Restraint Stress Stress-induced Analgesia Stress-induced Seizures and Fits (convulsions)
3. Anxiety and Fear:
Introduction Anxiety Experimental Research - Models Fear Fright Phobias Panic Role of the Brain Amygdala Maternal separation - weaners
4. Emotional Numbness & Deprivation:
Anhedonia - inability to experience sense of pleasure Depression Neonatal social isolation - newborn animals Sensory Deprivation in Early Life Sensory Deprivation in Later Life Social isolation and barren environments Stereotypy & Neurotic behaviours Learned Helplessness Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Sleep Disorders Weaning Physiology of feeling Emotions
Overcrowding and Discomfort Aggression Overstocking - Confinement - Social Isolation - Heart Disease Uncomfortable housing environment
Physical over-exertion Equine endurance Riding Horse racing Injuries Greyhound Race Injuries Animal Migration
7. Cold Stress Discomfort:
Cold temperature stress - frostbite - pain Skin freezing and chilblains Hypothermia Sensitivity to Cold Hypothermia and Cold Survival Cold in Combination with Starvation Cold-induced Analgesia
8. Heat - Hyperthermia - Burns:
Heat Stress Heat Intolerance Species Differences Pain Burns and Scalds
9. Thirst and Hunger:
Thirst and Dehydration Overhydration Osmotic Stress Hunger Underfeeding Emaciation Inappropriate Diets Forced Moulting Force-feeding and Overeating
10. Pain and Analgesia:
The Value of Pain Pain Associated with Trauma Ways in Which Animals Express Pain Pain Pathways and Consciousness Brain physiology - Cortical Regions Applied Neurology of Pain Pain in a Specific Context
Injuries in Selected Body Regions and Tissues Common Causes of Injury Intended or Avoidable Causes of Trauma Types of Injury
12. Sickness and Disease:
Is Suffering an Inevitable Consequence of Being Ill? Do Behaviours Expressed During Sickness Serve a Purpose? Cytokines and Sickness Behaviours Cancer Stress and Immune Function Corticosteroid Therapy Anaemia Hazards of Improving Disease Control Diseases Used in Controlling Pests
13. Digestive System:
Nausea Vomiting and Retching Gut Pain Diarrhoea (U.S. spelling = Diarrhea) Gastrointestinal Injuries Stress and Gut Function Gastric and Duodenal Ulcers
War / Bioterrorism / Dioxin Poisons Environmental Toxicants Vertebrate Pesticides
15. Respiratory System:
Asphyxia Dyspnoea (U.S. spelling = Dyspnea) Carbon Dioxide Inhalation / Euthanasia Drowning Pulmonary Oedema (U.S. spelling = Edema) Hypoxia - Hypoxic Effects Altitude Sickness Decompression Collapse of the Lung and Pneumothorax Asthma and Allergy Ammonia gas exposure - air quality issues Signs of Respiratory Distress Ante-mortem (Agonal) Gasping
16. Death and Dying:
Euthanisation Destruction by Decapitation Religious Slaughter Death from Brain Injury Recognising Insensibility and Diagnosing Brain Death
References Abbreviations Index
Suffering is a state of mind that is difficult to measure and analyse in human beings and considerably more so in animals. It is related to the environment in which we live and our physical and mental states. Understanding the physiology of suffering in animals is crucial in assessing animal welfare. Written by an expert in applied welfare aspects of physiology, this book is the first to address the physiological aspects of suffering in animals. It explores the different causes of suffering - physical discomfort, thirst and hunger, the responses in the body that lead to suffering and it offers insight into how suffering can be managed. This is the second book in a major, excellent new animal welfare series from UFAW. The book draws together information that is scattered across the literature. Written for both specialist and non-specialist readers.
Veterinarians, Farm Managers, animal care charities and agencies, Pet and Captive Wild Animal owners, Zoologists, Physiologists, Animal rights and Animal Welfare group activists and NGO / Government specialist farming and pet legislation advisors.
Species included (keywords): pig,pigs,hog,hogs,sow,swine,cow,cows,cattle,horse,ewe,sheep,dog,cat,dogs,cats,ducks,turkeys,poultry,chickens
Food animal issues covered include: aggression, bullying, castration, space restriction, farrowing, lameness, heat stress, osteochondrosis, pain, restraint, stunning, vices e.g. tail biting in hogs, tail docking of swine, teeth clipping in pigs, transport, stomach and duodenum ulcers, early weaning of farm animals, handling, cold stress, disease, injuries.
Poultry issues covered include: Aggression, fear, frustration, farm fires, beak trimming, cannibalism, gapes, heat stress, intensive stocking densities and battery housing, declawing, dehydration, dubbing, emaciation, transport and killing techniques.
Feline stresses covered include: Aggression, anxiety, fear, blindness, declawing, hallucinations, heat stress, travel sickness, smells, pain, social separation and weaning, stereotyped behavior, vices and bad habits, euthanasia.
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